BOOK QUOTE: “Oscar Hammerstein II furthered the transformative power of the musical play by making the believability and truthfulness of the story – the show’s libretto – the organic center around which all the other elements orbited. My husband wrote 'Ol' Man River'. (1943), was a smash hit. His first musical was Always You from 1921. Oscar Hammerstein II's biography and life story.Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II (July 12, 1895 – August 23, 1960) was an American librettist, theatrical producer, and … By winning wars and expanding territories, he established Prussia as a strong military power. His collaboration with composer Richard Rodgers led to some of the most notable musicals in Broadway history including Oklahoma! [37], The Oscar Hammerstein Award for Lifetime Achievement in Musical Theater is presented annually. Their work has been revived numerous times and remains popular among audiences. His uncle, Arthur Hammerstein, was a successful Broadway producer and his grandfather, Oscar Hammerstein, a famous opera impresario. The celebrated pair also worked on film adaptions of their work and garnered many top awards including two Pulitzers, multiple Academy and Tony awards, and two Grammys. Their first success was with the musical Oklahoma (1943) which was based on the play Green Grow the Lilacs. We strive for accuracy and fairness. Charles II was the monarch of England, Scotland and Ireland during much of the latter half of the 17th century, marking the Restoration era. While writing Rose Marie, Hammerstein met Jerome Kern. [8][9], After quitting law school to pursue theater, Hammerstein began his first professional collaboration, with Herbert Stothart, Otto Harbach and Frank Mandel. Oscar Hammerstein II About. [3] He attended the Church of the Divine Paternity, now the Fourth Universalist Society in the City of New York. [7], After his father's death, in June 1914, when he was 19, he participated in his first play with the Varsity Show, entitled On Your Way. Hammerstein also collaborated with Vincent Youmans (Wildflower), Rudolf Friml (Rose-Marie), and Sigmund Romberg (The Desert Song and The New Moon). His poor handling of Bloody Sunday and Russia’s role in World War I led to his abdication and execution. With a pref. [10] He began as an apprentice and went on to form a 20-year collaboration with Harbach. [21] He continued his presidency at the Guild until 1960; he was succeeded by Alan Jay Lerner. [37][38] According to Stephen Sondheim, "What few people understand is that Oscar's big contribution to the theater was as a theoretician, as a Peter Brook, as an innovator. [50] and, with Joshua Logan, the annual Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1950 for South Pacific. [14], Hammerstein's most successful and sustained collaboration began when he teamed up with Richard Rodgers to write a musical adaptation of the play Green Grow the Lilacs. [33] He had three children: William Hammerstein (1918–2001)[34] and Alice Hammerstein Mathias (1922-2015)[35] by his first wife, and James Hammerstein (1931-1999)[36] by his second wife, with whom he also had a stepson, Henry Jacobson, and a stepdaughter, Susan Blanchard. Jun 28, 1902. In Hammerstein's memory the lights on Broadway were turned off at 9 pm that September 1. [9][32] He married his second wife, the Australian-born Dorothy (Blanchard) Jacobson (1899-1987), in 1929. 9 Richard Rodgers and his musical, "The King and I" at the Marriott Theatre in Chicago, Illinois was awarded the 2001 Equity Joseph Jefferson Award for Musical Production. A crowd of 5,000 people, many with heads bowed, assembled at the base of the statue of Father Duffy on Times Square where two trumpeters blew taps. The musical was adapted into a 1954 film, starring Harry Belafonte and Dorothy Dandridge. His lyrics beautifully matched the melodies of Richard Rodgers. [17] The adaptation became the first Rodgers and Hammerstein collaboration, entitled Oklahoma!, which opened on Broadway in 1943. "Indeed not," she retorted. Love is important. This is a heritage that has spanned six generations, a thread of music and creation that has not only lived in the genes, it’s been in the air the family breathed. "[41], According to The Rodgers and Hammerstein Story by Stanley Green, "For three minutes, on the night of September first, the entire Times Square area in New York City was blacked out in honor of the man who had done so much to light up that particular part of the world. American librettist, lyricist, theatrical producer, and (usually uncredited) theatre director of musicals – Oscar Hammerstein II was born in New York City (largest city in the United States) on July 12th, 1895 and died in Doylestown (borough and county seat of Bucks County, Pennsylvania in the United States) on August 23rd, 1960 at the age of 65. They had one son, named James, and Dorothy had a daughter, Susan, and son, Henry, from a previous marriage. Oscar Hammerstein II - Bio, Facts, Family | Famous Birthdays Out of this collaboration came his first musical, Always You, for which he wrote the book and lyrics. It opened on Broadway in 1920. [1] His grandfather was German-born theatre impresario Oscar Hammerstein I.His father was from a Jewish family, and his mother was the daughter of Scottish and English parents. Catherine II, or Catherine the Great, served as empress of Russia for more than three decades in the late 18th century after overthrowing her husband, Peter III. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Sondheim has attributed his success in theater, and especially as a lyricist, directly to Hammerstein's influence and guidance. Show Boat and The King and I won Tonys for Best Musical Revival, and State Fair was nominated for Best Musical Score. 6 November 2018. [18], William A. Everett and Paul R. Laird wrote that this was a "show, that, like Show Boat, became a milestone, such that that subsequent historians writing about important moments in twentieth-century theater began to identify eras according to their relationship to Oklahoma! Rodgers and Hammerstein began writing together before the era of the Tonys: Oklahoma! Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II was born in New York City, the son of Alice Hammerstein (née Nimmo) and theatrical manager William Hammerstein. Juli 1895 GEBURTSORT New York City, New York: STERBEDATUM 23. Oscar Hammerstein II was born in New York City on July 12, 1895, into a family who worked in theater. ", "Blackout on Broadway to Honor Hammerstein", "Dorothy Hammerstein Dies; Designer Was Lyricist's Wife", "William Hammerstein, Director and Son of Oscar Hammerstein II, Dead at 82", "Getting to Know Her: Meet Alice Hammerstein Mathias, Oscar's Daughter", "Producer-director James Hammerstein, Son of Oscar Hammerstein II, Dead at 67", "Complete Lyrics" of Hammerstein, in Stores Now, Required Climbing Ev'ry Mountain", "Rivera, Vereen, Hirsch, Huffman and More to Salute Walton June 6", Biography of Oscar Hammerstein II at RNH Official Site, Discography of American Historical Recordings, I'm Gonna Wash That Man Right Outa My Hair, The Sound of Music: Music from the NBC Television Event, High Noon (Do Not Forsake Me, Oh My Darlin'), Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be), Pulitzer Prize Special Citations and Awards, The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oscar_Hammerstein_II&oldid=991544133, 20th-century American dramatists and playwrights, Best Original Song Academy Award-winning songwriters, Pages using citations with accessdate and no URL, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 16:46. It was the most complete blackout on Broadway since World War II, and the greatest tribute of its kind ever paid to one man. "[19] After Oklahoma!, Rodgers and Hammerstein were the most important contributors to the musical-play form – with such masterworks as Carousel, The King and I and South Pacific. He died at his house in Doylestown, Pennsylvania. [24] The final song he wrote was "Edelweiss", which was added near the end of the second act during rehearsal. felt at the time they were done. Read about Life Upon The Wicked Stage (Ellie) by Oscar Hammerstein II and see the artwork, lyrics and similar artists. Oscar Hammerstein II - Musicals, Songs & Quotes - Biography Oscar Hammerstein II collaborated with Richard Rodgers on popular musicals such as ‘Oklahoma!,’ ‘South Pacific,’ ‘Carousel,’ ‘The King and I’ and ‘The Sound of Music.’. Hammerstein divorced his first wife, Myra, in 1929 and married Dorothy Blanchard Jacobson. [57], Oscar Hammerstein was a member of the American Theater Hall of Fame. [52], His advice and work influenced Stephen Sondheim, a friend of the Hammerstein family from childhood. Now ... the play was the thing, and everything else was subservient to that play. [33], Hammerstein was one of the most important "book writers" in Broadway history – he made the story, not the songs or the stars, central to the musical and brought musical theater to full maturity as an art form. As recent revivals of Show Boat, Oklahoma!, Carousel, and The King and I in London and New York show, Hammerstein was one of the more tough-minded and socially conscious American musical theater artists. by Oscar Hammerstein II Simon and Schuster New York … Hammerstein- Born Hammerstein was born Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein in New York City. Other Informations Biography. Described by Stephen Sondheim as an "experimental playwright,"[1] Hammerstein helped bring the American musical to new maturity by popularizing musicals that focused on stories and character rather than the lighthearted entertainment that the musical had been known for beforehand. Hammerstein continued to collaborate with Kern on several musicals including Sweet Adeline (1929), Music in the Air (1932), Three Sisters (1934), and Very Warm for May (1939). His father was from a Jewish family, and his mother was the daughter of British parents. Living A Magical Life, Part II This entry was posted on May 8, 2012. From The Sound of Music to Oklahoma! Sheean, Vincent. Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II (/ˈhæmərstaɪn/; July 12, 1895 â€“ August 23, 1960) was an American lyricist, librettist, theatrical producer, and (usually uncredited) director in the musical theater for almost 40 years. [58], For his collaborative work with Richard Rodgers, see, Jones, Dylan, the Biographical Dictionary of Popular Music, Picador Press, 2012, pg. As his passion for theater began to eclipse his interest in law, Hammerstein talked his Uncle Arthur into employing him as an assistant stage manager. Oscar Hammerstein II was an influential lyricist and librettist in the American Theater who settled down and lived in Doylestown, Pennsylvania, for the later portion of his life. to South Pacific, Richard Rodgers helped change the face of Broadway musicals, giving them stories and making them both memorable and "hum-able.". [3] His father, William, was a theatre manager and for many years director of Hammerstein's Victoria, the most popular vaudeville theatre of its day. Jul 12, 1895. [11] In 1921 Hammerstein joined The Lambs club. [20], An active advocate for writers' rights within the theater industry, Hammerstein was a member of the Dramatists Guild of America. Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II was born in New York City, the son of Alice Hammerstein (née Nimmo) and theatrical manager William Hammerstein. New York : Simon and Schuster. Many of his songs are standard repertoire for vocalists and jazz musicians. Pope John Paul II made history in 1978 by becoming the first non-Italian pope in more than 400 years. He won eight Tony Awards and two Academy Awards for Best Original Song. He's about Allegro," Hammerstein's most experimental musical. In 1925 the duo teamed up to write Show Boat. Oscar Hammerstein I; the life and exploits of an impresario. Oscar Hammerstein II was the other half of the duo that brought The Sound of Music to life. ;[46] "Some Enchanted Evening", from South Pacific; "Getting to Know You"[47] and "Shall We Dance" from The King and I; and the title song as well as "Climb Ev'ry Mountain" from The Sound of Music. "[40] According to Marc Bauch, "The Rodgers and Hammerstein musicals are romantic musical plays. Moreover, Oscar II’s lyrics were warm, humane, and The couple had two children, named William and Alice. Oscar Hammerstein II interesting facts, biography, family, updates, life, childhood facts, information and more: Yet Andy’s grandfather, Oscar Hammerstein II, our beloved composer wasn’t the first of the theater people in the family. While Hammerstein was studying law at Columbia University, he began acting in the school's Varsity Show revues. [16] Hart was also not certain that the idea had much merit, and the two therefore separated. The successful musical put Hammerstein on the map as a writer and lyricist. (1943), Carousel (1945), South Pacific (1949), The King and I (1951), and The Sound of Music (1959), among others. Throughout the rest of his college career, Hammerstein wrote and performed in several Varsity Shows. Click the birth date before the name to explore the birth date info and know the meaning of the life path number. Kaiser Wilhelm served as emperor of Germany from 1888 until the end of World War I. Frederick II, known as Frederick the Great, was Prussia's king from 1740 to 1786. In 1943, he wrote the lyrics and book for Carmen Jones, an updated version of George Bizet's Carmen set during World War II and featuring an African American cast. The following Broadway season, three of Hammerstein's musicals ran on Broadway at the same time: Show Boat, The King and I and State Fair. Hammerstein also worked with Vincent Youmans, Sigmund Romberg, and Rudolf Frimi. His grandfather was the theatre producer of the early 20th Century, Oscar Hammerstein I. 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